Pure water, pure innocence


She has water in her eyes, and it isn’t because she is selling it from the top of her head.

Theodora Bortey is eight-years-old. But instead of going to school like all children her age should, she sells small packs of water to people in Nungua market in Accra, Ghana.

“Why aren’t you in school?” my colleague at Pravda Radio, Mercydalyne Lokko, asks Theodora.

Struggling to find the words, Theodora looks down at her fist. She opens her hand to show us her palm full of small coins. She jingles them around.

“My grandmother says I should come,” she says once Mercydalyne asks again.

She is the only child out of her five older siblings that sells water, she says. The rest live with her parents outside of Accra. But Theodora helps financially support her grandmother: “My father says I should come.”

After cost, selling water makes Theodora two cedis a day, which is CND$1.

“I want to go to school,” she says, after admitting she doesn’t know the last time she went to class. “They [her classmates] laugh at me.”

The tears in her eyes become more apparent.


Kwame (who doesn’t know his last name), 11, sells water in the same market as Theodora. A year ago, he left his family in eastern Ghana to live with his great aunt.

Speaking in Ga, one of the local languages, Kwame tells Mercydalyne he moved to Accra because the city’s school systems are better than in his village. Schools in his village, for instance, don’t teach English.

He sells water because he got bored at home. His great aunt tells him he can’t go to school until his uniform is ready.

He has been waiting for it to be finished for an entire year.

“School is important so you get educated so you don’t get cheated,” the boy says in Ga to Mercydalyne because he still doesn’t know English.

Ironically, Mercydalyne says there is no way a school uniform would ever take a year to make: “The boy just isn’t being told his great aunt doesn’t have the funds to send him to school.”

Mercydalyne asks the boy if he has anything to add before we end the interview.

“They just have to finish the zipper on my uniform’s pants,” he says. Then continues on his way yelling “pure water, pure water!”



Angelina Okyere, 17, also strolls the Nungua market selling water sachets.

She moved to Accra this month to live with her sister. She left the East in hopes of starting a business in the city as a seamstress. She wants to make clothes because its hands on, a trade she can learn without a classroom.

“I don’t feel comfortable in school because I never understand,” Angelina says to Mercydalyne in Twi, another local language. She says she can’t remember the last time she went to school.

So far, her best daily earnings are five cedis, about CND$2.50. She gives her money to her sister who is helping her save for her business.


These are the faces motivating Abdul Razak Yakubu. The president of Youth Movement for African Unity (YMFU) says he wants to get children off the streets, and back into classrooms.

But not just any classroom.

The traditional daytime schooling system doesn’t meet the needs of all youth in Ghana, he says. Too many have to work during the day to support family members, or, they see the quick cash benefit behind self-teaching a trade over investing in a formal education. Trades are not associated with government curriculum in Ghana.

Public school systems also appear to be free, he says, but are associated with hidden costs like book fees.

Until the government adjusts education systems to meet the needs and interests of such children, youth will remain out of school, and selling items on the streets, says Yakubu.

Meantime, Yakubu wants to start “mobile schools,” he says with a chuckle: “Schools on wheels.”

He plans to buy vans and outfit them as classrooms.

“Instead of sitting under trees for shade to take a break,” says Yakubu. “The students can come into the van to learn from the teachers.”

He says he thinks it is a good idea not necessarily because of the educational aspects, but to simply motivate the children selling goods on the streets to find their way back into formal (and hopefully adjusted) education systems in the future. Government action just has to happen first.

The YMFU is an organization in Ghana lobbying for youth empowerment. The key to African development lies in educating youth, says Yakubu.

Youth like Theodora, Kwame, and Angelina.


This story was also published on the Toronto Star’s blog: http://thestar.blogs.com/africa/2013/06/pure-water-pure-innocence.html


One thought on “Pure water, pure innocence

  1. Sweet article. You write visually and with the inclusion of photos, I feel like I just watched a really good documentary. I really hope Yakubu finds a way to make mobile schools work. I know that schools teach with a curriculum, and that teachers are responsible for monitoring the progress of pupils. People selling on the street do not take breaks at the same time. This means that there’s going to be a LOT of one-on-one tutoring. These I feel are going to be a challenge as far as the progression of a curriculum is concerned. I did a story on street hawkers once and I found that it’s really difficult to get them to do anything other than sell while they are working. They are really only interested in making enough sales for the day and due to this, they don’t take very long breaks. That said, this is still a very noble idea and I would love to see it move past these challenges and be successful.

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